PID Loop Simulator

Description| How it works| Derivative on PV| Process Model| Robustness| PID Tuning| PID Equations

This app simulates a control loop consisting of a first order process with deadtime and a PID controller.

PID Loop


.xls file (118 KB) or .zip file (27 KB)

How to use

The process is specified by the process gain, time constant and dead time (see the Process Model page for more details).  The PID controller has 3 parameters: gain, integral and derivative. Key in these values into the appropriate cells. If the integral time is keyed in as 0, the integral term is ignored.

The response to a step change in the set point is displayed in the chart.

The screenshot below shows an example of the inputs and the output chart.

PID Simulator

Feedback and Contributions from Visitors

The PID Simulator tool has been the most downloaded tool on this site and I am grateful to the users who sent me a lot of positive feedback about it.

Torcuato Fernandez pointed out an error in original version, which has since has been corrected. I would like to thank Torcuato for pointing out the error.

I would also like to thank Hannu Lehmuskuja for pointing out an error related to the delay.

Jose Maria, has shared some of his work with me and has kindly agreed to let me share it with others through this site. He has added scrollbars to the tool, which assist the user understand how the controller settings affect the loop.

Download the file here.

I also get a lot of queries on the form of the controller equation used in this app - for a discussion of the different equations and to download the tool containing the ideal form of the PID equation, visit the PID Equations page.

For any comments and discussions on this app, you can join and initiate a discussion on the open Linked-in group Engineering Using Spreadsheets.

(Alternatively, email

I look forward to getting more great suggestions and comments. Thank you!

PID Loop Simulation and Tuning tool for use in Industry

A powerful PID simulation and PID loop tuning tool for control professionals is available at the business site

PID Simulation and Tuning tool

Also See:

Bode Plot Generator

Excel OPC Client

Instrument Loop Drawings using Excel